How to make a garden
By Chance Burgess
If you are planning to start a garden, there are a few things that you have to do before you can start planting crops.
The first step to making a garden is to plan it out and think ahead. There are a few questions that you have to ask yourself while planning it out. What type of garden am I going to make? What am I going to grow in the garden?
There are several different types of gardens: there are vegetable gardens, flower gardens, container gardening, raised gardens and a few more.
In this paper I am going to explain the steps to making an organic garden. First of all, what is an organic garden? An organic garden is essentially just like any other garden with the exception that organic gardens do not use synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Organic gardening is not really a “type” of garden but it is more of a “style” of gardening that people practice. So, I am just going to explain how to make a vegetable garden but in the organic style.
According to the USDA National Organic Program, “Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations. Organic meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones.”
After you have decided what kind of garden you are going to make, there are a few more steps that you are going to have to follow that are universal throughout all garden making. You will need to determine how much space you will need. To determine how much space you need there is one major thing that you should take into consideration. How much people will you feed?
This is a major factor in gardening because you do not want to grow too much or too little produce. Another thing to determine is how much space you will need in order to calculate how big the plants will grow. Tomatoes need at least a square foot, 16 carrots need at least a square foot, as well.
The next step to making a vegetable garden is picking the perfect spot. an ideal spot for a successful garden is a place that has at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight. If your crops don’t get enough sunlight, they won’t bear as much and they would be more susceptible to attacks from insects or diseases. The vegetable garden should be close to a water source so it will be easier for you. Last but not least, a successful garden will need good soil that is rich in organic materials.
After you find a perfect spot for your garden, the next thing you need to do is to design and plan your garden. There are two different layouts for vegetable gardens: row cropping and intensive cropping.
Row cropping is the most common type of garden that people make and it is typically the first type of garden that comes to mind. Row cropping is where you plant your crops in single file rows with a walking path in between each of the rows. Row cropping is good for those type of gardeners that like to take it easy while they are cleaning and maintaining it. One downfall to a row cropping garden is that you won’t be able to plant as many vegetables because of the amount of space you are using for the walkways.
Intensive cropping is where you just make a small area in which you just plant all types of crops in that small area. The main reason that I would make a intensive garden would be to just make it look nice and have it as an ornament that I can pick vegetables from and get more use out of it. One downfall of an intensive garden is that due to the tightness and density of the plants you would have to take good care of it by hand so you won’t be able to use large tools.
After we have done all the prep and design, now you can get to the hands-on work. The first step to hands-on working is testing the soil. In testing the soil you need to see how the water drains through it. To test the soil drainage you should water it in the afternoon and then in the morning you dig up some dirt and squeeze it and see if there is any water in it. If it still does have water that would be good. Also, if you don’t want to dig into the ground while building the garden you could make a raised garden.
The next thing you do is to start digging the beds. To start you should till the ground. You could use a machine tiller or you could do it by hand. Once you are done tilling or loosening the soil you have to smooth the surface with a rake and when that is done you should water the soil down and let the bed rest for a few days.
Now that all the digging and preparing of the soil is done you can plant your seeds. When planting your seeds you should make the holes at least an inch deep and put two seeds in the hole. The reason you put two seeds in the hole is because if one seed fails and does not want to grow then there is another one that has a chance to grow. When planting the seeds, depending on your crops, you need to plant it with different spacings from other seeds. Some examples are lettuce and cabbage, they should be four inches apart because of their size. Other crops like corn that grow straight up should be at least two inches apart so you can plant more.
When making a garden you should be able to maintain it. To maintain your garden you need to weed it, water it, and keep the bugs and other pests away from your crops. There is some organic fertilizers that you could use and spread on your garden.
When harvesting your garden you can pick as much of it as you want because you can always plant more. There are some crops that you can harvest at any time like lettuce, carrots, and squash.
Now that you know how to make a garden there are a few things that you can do with the crops. You could make money by selling them to stores or at your local farmers market or you could make it into your food. Either way you now know how to make a garden.